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Camellias - landscaping-gardening



Named by Linnaeus in 1735 in honour of the Jesuit priest and biologist Georg Josef Kamel, Camellia is a genus originating chiefly from China but with a range layer a large area of South East Asia. The exact digit of species is not clear but it is everywhere about 100. Camellia is an chief business-related genus as of one species, Camellia sinensis, the plant from which tea is made.

Most gardeners recognise two main groups of camellias, the autumn acme and the bounce flowering. However, it is not quite that simple. Every time a genus of many species (such as
Rhododendron, Rosa or Camellia) is used to be the source of a horde of hybrids conspicuous groups tend to form.

There are four main camellia groups: Japonica, Reticulata, Sasanqua and Hybrid, with a add up to of less significant groups based about less collective species, such as Camellia hiemalis, and inter-specific hybrids, such as Camellia × williamsii (Camellia japonica × Camellia saluensis).

It's a generally held belief among gardeners that Sansanquas are the autumn acme camellias while the rest are bounce flowerers. That's not certainly true, definitely the Sasanquas are customarily the first to bloom but with alert collection and siting it is feasible to have more or less constant blossoming from early autumn to late spring.


Camellias are often connected with rhododendrons and azaleas and, while not that carefully related, they definitely choose akin conditions. This is not at all amazing as they come from comparable climates and can often be found emergent as one in the wild.

Camellias are commonly less tolerant of excessive cold than the hardiest rhododendrons but they are by no means fussy plants. Most species and hybrids are hardy all through the country, needing no defense apart from perchance in very cold coldness areas, and the summers here are
not by and large hot and dry an adequate amount of to cause much damage.

To get the best out of your camellias it is crucial that you admire the same soil grounding methods as not compulsory for rhododendrons. Camellias have stronger and deeper roots but they still command the same moist, humus filled, loose, well-oxygenated loam if they are to thrive. Equally consistent mulching is continually beneficial.

Camellias choose a neutral to acid soil and will not tolerate the excessive tartness that most rhododendrons will. On amply acid soils the adding of small amounts of dolomite lime will not only amplify the pH but will allow easier uptake of nutrients.

Once recognized most camellias seem to get by quite well not including too much interest but they are business to the same chlorosis harms as rhododendrons so rare supplementary feeding is recommended. Containerised camellias must be fed evenly as they are far more area of interest to deficiencies due to their narrow root spread.

Camellias do best in cushy positions in light shade or where they get only crack of dawn sun. This is not so much for the plant's sake as the flowers'. The plants will tolerate exposed sunny sites but the plant life won't. Too dense shade will promote lank development and bring down flowering. Too sunny and the plants will burn and drop prematurely. A site that is exposed to biting winds will dramatically shorten the life of any vegetation but above all camellias.


Many camellias set large quantities of flower buds that often consequence in solidly crowded small bloom. Tapering out the more solidly packed and weaker flower buds will churn out better blooms of advance shape.


Camellias are not continually easy to circulate lacking specialised equipment. Seed germinates well but is of imperfect usefulness as it can only be used to raise new cultivars or to breed species. Elected forms must be propagated vegetatively.

Cuttings must be taken just as the new cyst is hardening off. This is by and large about the end of November. Take new tip cyst cuttings that are about 100-150 mm long and be a consequence the procedures outlined in the broadcast chapter. The cuttings may take numerous months to arrange not including mist or base heat.

Layering is very booming with camellias but habitually there are no twigs close adequate to broken up level to layer. In such cases aerial layering is a reliable, if slow, method.

Occasionally a camellia cultivar fails to act well on its own roots. In which case grafting onto a more enthusiastic stock may be necessary. Average camellias are just about constantly created by grafting considerably than cleanly instruction a average stem.

Cleft grafting is the usual fashion used, however, burden grafts and side wedges will work too. Maturing is seldom used but there is no argue why it shouldn't be successful. Specialised methods, such as seed grafts, are every now and then used but these are for actual enthusiasts that are equipped to experiment.

Pests And Diseases

Camellias are comparatively disease free but you may irregularly come upon one of the next problems.

Viral diseases

These are quite customary among camellias, in fact, viruses are at times carefully introduced to achieve multicolored flora and foliage. The most communal virus shows up as a brainy blonde leaf margin. This is known as virus induced variegation. In minor cases it does a small amount harm but it can cave in a plant by dropping the quantity of existing chlorophyll. Virus diseases cannot be cured, once infected the plant carcass infected.

Phytophthora root rot

This disease affects many types of plants, chiefly those that choose acid forest conditions. This mold disease kills the plant's roots, which leads to the characteristic flaccid development and at the end of the day death. Commonly the symptoms are not apparent until too late. Prevention all through ensuring that the soil is well drained is the best method. Plants can every now and then be saved by washing off the soil, removing the dead roots, drenching with fungicide then replanting in a well-drained attitude but it's seldom worth the effort.

Leaf gall

A fungal disease akin to that seen on evergreen azaleas irregularly occurs on camellias. It causes a thickening and distorting of the leaves, which is finally befall white with fungal spores. Cut off any artificial grass and spray the plant with a fungicide. Do not allow artificial trees to drop near the plant.

Petal blight

This fungal disease cause the plants to degenerate to dilute mush and can dent much of the crop. Check with fungicides prior to bud break and delete any fallen petals from about infected bushes.


This can be a serious, even fatal, problem. The shrubbery of young brushwood wilts and browns then the stem begins to die back from the tip. A corruption develops that in due course ringbarks the stem causing its death. If the cankers broaden to the main stems the plant may die. Action with fungicides will help but is not completely successful. Overcrowding, poor drainage and poor drying can all add to this catch as well as construction the broaden of the disease easier.

Camellias are in the main not attacked by any especially abnormal insect pests, just the run of the mill, aphids, scale, caterpillars, leaf rollers and thrips. The usual check actions are efficient on camellias too.

Bagworms can cause hefty harm at times. The leaf sheltered glossy bags (see illustration) are made by the larvae and the flightless adult females of the moth Liothula omnivora. The larvae feed from contained by the bag, which they carry about with them for fortification and camouflage. Hand preference is the simplest control, the use of insecticides is not defensible bar in cases of brutal infestation.


Besides their common bushy habit many camellias are apt subjects for training. The most collective forms are the average and the espalier.

Standards can be fashioned in two ways. The easiest is to choose a young plant with a lone above-board stem and easily delete the lower plant life and any side shoots as they appear. Stake the main stem as it grows and once it has reached the beloved height nip out the tip cyst to induce the branching that will in due course form the head.

The deal with can be speeded up by grafting but the technicalities are not as simple. Choice a brisk upright plant that will hurriedly construct the accepted trunk and graft your select cultivar onto it at the much loved height. Cleft grafts are the chosen logic for camellias but I have found side wedge grafts to be successful. Grafting is the only convenient way to be the source of a expression of grief standard.

Espaliering is just a be of importance of selecting an correct plant and having the patience to wait long an adequate amount of to see the results. There are more than a few methods of instruction the kindling to accomplish the best coverage but most camellias with thin adjustable stems (primarily Sasanquas) can be espaliered with a small amount effort. Bear in mind though, camellias are not biological climbers, espaliers need to be open to the assembly adjacent to which they are growing.

Other exclusive forms.

Camellias can make efficient hedges, any tightly clipped or grown informally. As might be anticipated of a genus that contains the tea plant camellias can hold up everyday border when actively growing.

Some camellias are as it should be for use as broken up covers but customarily only while they are young. In time all but the most at a low ebb forms will acquire into mounding underbrush considerably than true base covers. Pegging the brushwood down as the plants grow is the only way to make certain this doesn't happen.

Camellias in containers

Camellias adapt well to container emergent but they are quick to show signs of nutrient deficiencies. Nobody looks less appealing than a badly chlorotic camellia in a tiny pot. However, with consistent fertilising and the right sized containers camellias will bloom and bloom a great deal in pots.

As with all container plants, bring to mind that their roots are far less insulated from the essentials than those of plants in the open ground. Make sure containerised camellias get consistent water in summer and in cold frost areas move the containers to protected positions for chill to avoid having the soil freeze solid.

Flower forms

Camellias are free in a number of another flower forms. The similes in this book are kept as down-to-earth as doable but irregularly the mechanical terms must be used. The terms single, semi-doubleand alter ego are customary and comparatively self-explanatory but most of the subsequent terms are distinctive to camellia cultivation.


A style with large outer petals and massed small chief petaloids.

Peony (paeony) and informal double

Large outer petals and lesser loosely clustered crucial petals and petaloids. The more fully petalled plant life are known as full peony form.

Rose form double

A bend in half flower that opens fully to bring to light the stamens, like a fully blown rose.

Formal double

This flower type has effortlessly agreed concentric circles of neatly overlapping petals. Some have the petals in a very openly definite spiral pattern.

There are also rules governing the terms used to express the size of plant life but as most non-specialist gardeners find these to be more bewildering than constructive they have not been exactingly adhered to.

Species and cultivars

The next medley of species and cultivars includes those most all the rage for plot use or that have attention-grabbing or curious features. They are alienated into cross groups.


These are the most common or influential of the species but they are not far and wide free in nurseries, most gardeners preferring the hybrids.

Camellia chrysantha (China)

A fair camellia was a long wanted after aim of plant breeders, hence the all in all white cultivars with optimistic names such as 'Brushfield's Yellow'. However, in 1980 a real fair camellia was found in the Guangxi prefecture of China. It flowered for the first time in the West in 1984 and has since been the business of great appeal and speculation among camellia growers. It is a large species that can reach 5 m high. The large grass are deep green and brutally veined. The cheerful fair plant life are only about 60 mm diameter but it is not the size of the flora but their ability for hybridising that at the outset had breeders so enthused. Moderately hardy but prefers even cool to moderate temperatures, fanatical of extremes. Camellia societies have a few plants of this species but even now it is not in general existing all through backyard centres.

Camellia forrestii (China, Vietnam)

A large shrub or small tree native with narrow egg-shaped trees and small white vegetation that are mildly fragrant. Early to mid season.

Camellia fraterna (China)

Grows to about 5 m high. Small abstruse leaves. 25 mm diameter white vegetation with white stamens and prominent gold anthers. Somewhat fragrant. Not entirely hardy. Plants mid season.

Camellia granthamiana (Hong Kong)

Very rare in the wild; known, until recently, from just one plant found in 1955. It may be a biological fusion considerably than a true species. Grows to about 3 m high. Deep green a great deal lined cryptic plants up to 200 mm long. Buttery white plants up to 150 mm diameter with massed blond stamens. Vegetation early. Not entirely hardy.

Camellia hiemalis (Japan)

Not known in the wild and doubtless a accepted crossbreed connecting Camellia japonica and Camellia sasanqua. Grows to about 3. 5 m high. 30 mm diameter pale pink plants with fair-haired stamens. Small to average sized egg-shaped leaves. Plants early.

Camellia kissi (North East India to Southern China)

May grow as high as 12 m but as a rule consideably smaller. Avenue sized narrow leaves. Small white flora that are customarily fragrant. Flora mid spell to late.

Camellia lutchuensis (Southern Japan as well as Okinawa)

Grows to about 3 m high. Small foliage about 40 mm long. Very odorous 50 mm diameter white plant life with white stamens and gold anthers. Not constantly easy to grow and not completely hardy. Plant life mid spell to late.

Camellia japonica (Japan, Eastern China and Korea)

The father of a vast digit of cultivars. May grow to 15 m high in the wild. Broad deep green cryptic grass up to 125mm long. The flower colour is capricious but is as a rule red. Certainly grown. Flora mid season. There are quite a few refined forms.

Camellia oleifera (Northern India, Southern China and South East Asia)

Grows to about 7 m high. Avenue sized indirect foliage with a small amount or no serrations. Small white flora with blonde stamens and a little twisted petals. Mildly fragrant. Plants mid period to late.

Camellia pitardii (Southern China)

Grows to about 7 m high. Channel sized brutally lined trees up to 100 mm long. Small white, pink or white flushed pink flowers. Blooms mid flavor to late.

Camellia reticulata (Southern China)

Extensively used in hybridising. grows up to 15 m high in the wild. Large broad egg-shaped trees with prominent veins (reticulate). 75 mm diameter mid pink flowers. Blooms mid spell to late.

Camellia salicifolia (Hong Kong and Taiwan)

Grows to about 5 m high. 45 mm long narrow abstruse to diamond foliage with a very feeble tomentum. Loose white vegetation with white stamens. Mild fragrance. Flora mid spice to late.

Camellia saluenensis (Southern China)

Grows to about 5 m high. 45 mm long narrow egg-shaped leaves. 50 mm diameter white to mid pink vegetation with small blond stamens. May be lone or semi-double. Vegetation mid spell to late.

Camellia sasanqua (Japan and Ryukyu Islands)

Grows to about 5 m high. The grass are about 55 mm long , by and large narrow and conspicuously pointed. 50 mm diameter white to pale pink plants with blond stamens. Infrequently a little fragrant. Plants early.

Camellia sinensis (India to China and South East Asia)

The tea plant is the most commercially critical camellia. May grow to 15 m high but customarily kept much smaller. Leaf size is variable; they are by and large about 125 mm long but in mild moist climates they may be up to 225 mm long × 75 mm wide, broadly veined. White vegetation (occasionally pale pink), about 40 mm diameter with fair stamens. Vegetation early.

Camellia transnokensis (Taiwan)

An upright bush to about 3 m high. Small figure green leaves. Clusters of very small (25 mm diameter) white plants with white stamens and blonde anthers. Pink buds. Plant life mid spell to late.

Camellia tsai (Southern China, Burma and Vietnam)

Grows to about 10 m high in the wild but commonly far minor in gardens. 90 mm long glossy figure green egg-shaped leaves. Affront crying augmentation habit. Clusters of small white flushed pink flowers. Mildly fragrant. Vegetation mid season. Not entirely hardy.

Sasanqua and Hiemalis

A group of primarily early acme plants (autumn to late winter) that is made up of varieties and hybrids of three species; Camellia sasanqua, Camellia hiemalis and Camellia vernalis.


Small deep green leaves. Distinct mid pink flowers. Brilliant hedge or espalier.


Medium to large semi-double deep red flowers. Long high point season. Channel sized plant, upright growth. Good in tubs.

Bonsai Baby

Small deep red alter ego flowers. Low, a bit distribution development habit.


Large deep pink amplify plant life with a little tangled petals. A heavily shrubbery avenue sized bush. Apt for most styles of training.

Cotton Candy

Large soft pink semi-double flora with faintly windswept petals. Brawny developing but apt to be moderately open and reimbursement from accepted edge to shape.


Large very pale pink lone vegetation with messy and lobed petals. Long brushwood make it well-suited to espaliering.

Hiryu-see Kanjiro Jennifer Susan

Soft mid pink loosely petalled semi-double flowers. Very compactly shrubbery compact growth. Makes a good hedge or espalier.


Often sold as 'Hiryu'. Deep cerise pink definite to semi-double flora with lighter coloured centre. Dark green leaves. Beefy upright growth.

Mine No Yuki

Medium sized white to cream semi-double flora with windswept petals. Loose pendulous advance habit.

Plantation Pink

Large mid pink lone flowers. Very brawny emergent and makes a quick hedge.


Large white semi-double with ruffled, a little incurving petals. Bright budding upright bush.

Showa No Sakae

Medium sized light to mid pink loose semi-double flowers. Manifestly expression of grief to horizontal cyst habit. may be used in lynching baskets.

Sparkling Burgundy

Small to average sized deep rose-pink red bend in half flowers. Long high point season. Energetic grower. As it should be for most guidance styles.


Small brainy red lone flora with prominent fair-haired stamens. Long peak season. Dense compact growth. Does well in tubs.


The species forms and hybrids of Camellia japonica are among the most admired and far and wide grown camellias. Also incorporated in this group are the Higo hybrids. These often antiquated forms from Japan are not broadly grown in New Zealand but a few are available.

The next is a medley of some of the most all the rage Japonicas.

Ave Maria (1956)

Pale pink form sized ceremonial double. Dense compact growth. Early to mid season.

Bambino (1959)

Small coral pink anemone form with well-defined petaloid centre. Dense compact growth. Flora mid season.

Berenice Boddy (1946)

Medium sized light pink semi-double. Dynamic grower. Flora mid season.

Betty Sheffield Supreme (1960)

Large loose white or very pale pink amplify with petals edged in deep pink. A charming picotee bring about but fairly variable. A sport of 'Betty Sheffield' (1949). A vigorous, yet compact bush. Plant life mid season.

Blood of China (1928)

Medium sized deep reddish pink red semi-double to peony form. Often mildly scented. Beefy cultivator but compact. Late flowering.

Bob Hope (1972)

Large deep blackish red semi-double. Very intense flower colour and deep green leaves. Biting upright growth. Mid flavor to late.

Bob's Tinsie (1962)

Small deep red anemone form with a white centre. Upright, very dense and bushy. Plant life mid season.

Brushfield's Blond (1968)

Medium sized anemone form with white outer petals and milky blonde petaloid centre. Beefy emergent but solidly foliaged. Flora mid season.

C. M. Hovey (1853)

Medium sized deep red conventional double. Upright growth. Late flowering.

Can Can (1961)

Medium sized light pink peony form with deep cerise pink edged petals and veins. Upright growth. Flora mid season.

Debutante (around 1900)

Medium sized light pink full paeony form. A beefy budding heavily plants bush. Plants may be a lighter green than most camellias. One of the most broadly planted camellias. Plant life mid season.

Desire (1977)

Medium sized light pink correct bend with deeper coloured petal edges. Dense compact growth. Plant life mid season.

Dolly Dyer (1973)

Small brainy red anemone form with a heavily packed petaloid centre. A channel sized closely foliaged bush. Flora early to mid season.

Elegans Supreme (1960)

Large deep pink anemone form with diaphanously saw-like petal edges. One of quite a few sports of the old cultivar 'Elegans' (1831). Large wavy edged leaves. A beefy budding but compact bush. Vegetation early to mid season.

Grand Slam (1962)

Large deep red semi-double or anemone form. Somewhat fragrant. Deep green leaves. A very beefy budding upright bush. Flora mid season.

Guest of Honor (1955)

Large mid to deep pink loose semi-double to peony form. Upright solidly foliaged bush. Heavy flowering. Blooms mid season.

Guillio Nuccio (1956)

Very large deep coral pink semi-double with prominent stamens. The petals have wavy edges. Brawny budding and very popular. Flora mid season. Also free in a white and red flecked flower form.

K. Sawada (1940)

Large white rose form or ceremonial double. Dense bushy growth. Plant life mid season.

Kramer's Supreme (1957)

Large clear red full peony form. As a rule fragrant. Enthusiastic yet compact growth. Plants mid season.

Laurie Bray (1955)

Medium to large light pink vegetation that may be definite or moderately petaloid semi-double. Heavy flowering, tough and adaptable. Moderately open cyst that remuneration from shaping when young. Plant life mid season.

Man Size (1961)

Small white anemone form. A closely foliaged channel sized bush if shaped when young but may if not tend to a bit open growth. Plants a great deal about mid season.

Margaret Davis (1961)

Medium sized informal double. White with petals edged deep pink to red red. Upright growth. Vegetation mid season.

Mark Alan (1958)

Large deep purplish red semi-double or peony form. Narrow petals with a petaloid centre. Upright growth. Starts early and plant life over a long season.

Midnight (1963)

Medium sized deep red semi-double to anemone form. A dense compact bush. Flora mid season.

Mrs D. W. Davis (1954)

Very large clear pink semi-double. Solidly foliaged enthusiastic upright emergent bush. Plants mid season.

Nuccio's Pearl (1977)

Medium sized very pale pink flushed mid pink ceremonial double. An alluring 'airbrushed' colour achieve that intensifies towards the centre and edges of the flower. A dense compact bush. Plant life mid season.

Pink Pagoda (1963)

Medium to large mid pink ceremonial double. Somewhat wavy edged petals. An upright bush. Flora mid season.

Prima Ballerina (1983)

Medium to large semi-double. White base colour washed with soft mid pink. A dense compact bush. Vegetation mid spice to late.

Roger Hall (1979)

Medium sized clear red conventional double. A biting emergent upright bush. Starts early and vegetation over a long season.

San Dimas (1971)

Medium to large deep red petaloid semi-double. Dense compact bush. Plants early to mid season.

Tiffany (1962)

Very large loose peony form. Soft mid pink with deeper tones. Enthusiastic yet compact bush. Plant life mid spell to late.


Reticulatas are by and large regarded as being less hardy than other camellias but most continue to exist New Zealand winters unscathed.

Barbara Clark (1958)

Medium sized mid pink semi-double. Energetic grower. Starts to flower early and continues over a long season.

Brian (1958)

Medium sized deep pink semi-double. Brawny upright growth. Plant life mid flavor to late.

Buddha (1948)

Large deep pink semi-double vegetation with wavy edged petals. Beefy upright growth. Vegetation mid season.

Dr. Clifford Parks (1971)

Large brilliant red flower. The form is very variable, it ranges from semi-double to peony to anemone form. Flora mid season.

Grand Jury (1962)

Large salmon pink peony form. A large open bush that profit from pruning to shape when young. Plant life mid season.

Lasca Beauty (1973)

Very large light pink semi-double. Enthusiastic cultivator that is liable to develop into a barely open. Flora mid season.

Pavlova (1978)

Very large clear red semi-double. A beefy dispersal bush. Makes a good espalier. Flora mid spice to late.

Phyl Doak (1958)

Medium to large pale pink semi-double. A dense compact bush. Starts to flower early and continues over a long season.

Sugar Dream (1984)

Medium sized mid pink anemone form. Upright growth, apt to be fairly open but reimbursement from adornment to shape when young. Early flowering.

Valley M. Knudsen (1958)

Large deep pin semi-double to peony form. Bright increasing upright bush. Plant life mid flavor to late.

× williamsii hybrids

This equitably diverse group of hybrids outcome from fertilising Camellia saluensis, or a amalgam thereof, with pollen from Camellia japonica.

Anticipation (1962)

Large deep pink peony form. Bright upright growth. Plants mid season.

Ballet Queen (1975)

Large salmon pink peony form. A heavily foliaged avenue sized bush. Plants mid period to late.

Debbie (1965)

Large brilliant mid pink semi-double to full peony form. A dense compact bush. Plants mid season. One of the most admired cultivars.

Donation (1941)

Large mid pink semi-double with darker veining. Brisk yet compact. Starts early mid period and continues over a long season.

Dreamboat (1976)

A large correct double. The base colour is mid pink but has very delicate blue and salmon pink shading. The augmentation is fairly open. Flora mid season.

E. G. Waterhouse (1954)

Medium sized light pink decorous double. Biting upright growth. Plant life mid spice to late. Also accessible with a light pink and white multicolored flower.

Elsie Jury (1964)

Large deep pink full peony form. Channel sized open developing bush. May be qualified as an espalier. Vegetation mid period to late.

Jury's Fair-haired (1976)

Medium sized anemone form. White with buttery blonde petaloid centre. Dense compact growth. Starts early and flora over a long season.

Water Lily (1967)

Medium sized decorous double. Brainy light pink with darker toning. The petals have conspicuously rolled edges. Bright upright growth. Plant life early to mid season.


This catch-all group covers plants of indeterminate family and those that don't fit into any of the other groups. Some powers that be break up the hybrids by size, especially separating out the miniatures.

Baby Bear (1976)

Miniature light pink single. A small heavily plants bush that is very all the rage for container growing. Flora mid season.

Baby Willow (1983)

Miniature white single. Very distinctive dirge growth. When grafted it makes a good expression of grief standard. Plants mid season.

Cinnamon Cindy (1973)

Miniature pale pink peony form. The crucial petaloids may be very pale pink. Upright sinuous stems. Espaliers well. Plant life early to mid season.

Cornish Snow (1950)

Small white dyed pink free flowers. Very heavy flowering. Upright open growth. Flora mid season.

Itty Bit (1984)

Miniature light pink anemone form. A compactly foliaged low emergent diffusion bush. Plants mid season.

Jubilation (1978)

Large mid pink rose form double. Irregularly has darker marked flowers. Brawny upright growth. Plants mid spell to late.

Mary Phoebe Taylor (1975)

Very large mid pink peony form. Beefy upright growth. Plants early to mid season.

Nicky Crisp (1980)

Large lilac pink semi-double. Dense compact bush. Starts to flower early and continues over a long season.

Night Rider (1985)

Small deep red semi-double. Upright bush. Plant life mid spell to late.

Quintessence (1985)

Miniature white distinct with conspicuous blond fair-haired anthers and white stamens. Mildly fragrant. Dense diffusion growth. Very all the rage as a container plant. Plant life early to mid season.

Snippet (1971)

Small pale pink semi-double. In the end a dense compact bush but a bit open when young. Vegetation mid season.

Tiny Princess (1961)

Miniature semi-double to peony form. White to very pale pink with darker tints. Slow increasing and may develop into considerably open but irregular pinching back will churn out a neat low bush. Plant life early to mid season.

I am a patch book biographer and horticultural photographer based in Christchurch, New Zealand. I run a stock photo documents called Country, Farm and Patch (http://www. cfgphoto. com). This critique may be re-published provided this in order is in print with it and is obviously visible.


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